Types of Stroke

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A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or reduced, preventing brain tissue from getting oxygen and nutrients. Brain cells begin to die in minutes. A stroke is a medical emergency, and prompt treatment is crucial.

The five types of strokes are medical emergencies that stop or interrupt the flow of blood to the brain. These types are:   

  • Ischemic Stroke
  • Hemorrhagic Stroke
  • Transient Ischemic Attack (Mini-Stroke)
  • Brain Stem Stroke
  • Cryptogenic Stroke (stroke of unknown cause)

What are the warning signs for a stroke?

Think of the word F-A-S-T to help you spot stroke signs.

  • Face drooping: One side of the face droops or is numb. Your smile is uneven or lopsided.
  • Arm weakness: One arm is weak or numb. One arm drifts downward when you try to raise both arms
  • Speech difficulty: Speech is slurred. You’re unable to speak or hard to understand.

Ischemic Stroke

An ischemic stroke happens when a blood vessel supplying blood to your brain gets blocked by a blood clot. Most strokes are this type. 

Symptoms of ischemic stroke

The symptoms depend on which parts of your brain are affected. They can include things like:

  • Sudden numbness or weakness of your face, arm, or leg, often on one side of the body
  • Confusion
  • Problems speaking or understanding others
  • Dizziness, loss of balance or coordination, or trouble walking
  • Vision loss or double vision

Causes of ischemic stroke

A fatty substance called plaque collects in your arteries and narrows them. This process is called atherosclerosis, and it slows the flow of blood. As it pools, blood can clump and form clots — and your artery gets blocked.

Besides atherosclerosis, other things that can raise your chances of getting an ischemic stroke are:

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Heart attack
  • Problem with your heart’s valves
  • Injury to blood vessels in your neck
  • Blood clotting problem

Types of ischemic stroke

There are two main types of ischemic stroke:

  • Thrombotic strokes. They’re caused by a blood clot that forms in an artery that supplies blood to your brain.
  • Embolic strokes. They happen when a clot forms somewhere else in your body and travels through the blood vessels to your brain. It gets stuck there and stops the flow of your blood.

Hope this info is Helpful 🙂 🙂

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